“As a man who has devoted his whole life to the most clearheaded science, to the study of matter, I can tell you as a result of my research about the atoms this much: There is no matter as such! All matter originates and exists only by virtue of a force which brings the particles of an atom to vibration and holds this most minute solar system of the atom together…We must assume behind this force the existence of a conscious and intelligent Mind. This Mind is the matrix of all matter.”
Max Planck – Theoretical Physicist
Take a look around you from where you sit. You will notice that everything in the room is “made”: the walls, the upholstery, the ceiling, the chair where you sit, the computer in front of you, the glass on the table and countless other details. None of them happen to exist in your room of their own accord. Even the simple loops of the carpet were made by someone, they did not appear spontaneously or by chance. A person who is about to read a book knows that it has been written by an author for a specific reason. It would not even occur to her/him that this book might have come into being by chance. In the same manner, a person who sees a sculpture has no doubt whatsoever that it was made by a sculptor, and not just a work of art, even a few bricks resting on top of one another make one think that they must have been brought to rest just so by someone within a certain plan. Therefore, everywhere where there is an order – either small or big – a founder and protector of this order must also exist.
Religion teaches us the identity of our Creator Whose existence we discover with our reason. Through what He has revealed to us as religion, we know that He is God, the Compassionate and the Merciful, Who created the heavens and the earth from nothing. Although most people have the capability to grasp this fact, many spend their lives unaware of it. When they look at a landscape painting, they wonder who its painter is, later they praise the artist at length for his beautiful work of art. Despite the fact that they see numerous originals of the natural world that the artist painted whenever they care to see all around, they still disregard the existence of God? Who is the only owner of all these beauties. In truth, no lengthy research is needed to understand the existence of God. Even if one of us had to live in a room from the time he was born, countless pieces of evidence in this room alone would be enough for him to grasp the existence of God. The human body so overflows with evidence that it could not be contained in many multi-volume encyclopedias. Giving only a few minutes of conscientious thought to it all is enough to understand the existence of God. The present order is protected by God and maintained by Him. The human body is not the only food for thought, life abides in every square millimetre of the earth, be it observable or not. The world overflows with many living beings, from unicellular organisms to plants, from insects to sea animals and from birds to human beings. If you take a handful of soil and look at it, even therein you can discover manifold living creatures with diverse characteristics. The same is true also for the air you breathe, even on your skin there are many living creatures whose names are unknown to you. In the intestines of all human beings are millions of bacteria or unicellular organisms that help digestion and the animal population in the world is many times greater than the human population. When we also consider the plant world, we see that there is not a single spot on the earth where there is no life.
All of these creatures that are spread over an area of millions of square kilometres have different body systems, different lives and different contributions to the ecological balance. It is preposterous to claim that all these have come into existence by chance with no aim or purpose. No living being has come to exist through its own accord or effort. No coincidental happening can ever result in such complicated systems. All of this evidence leads us to the conclusion that the universe works with a certain “consciousness”. What then is the source of this consciousness? Surely it is neither the living nor the non-living beings in it. Nor can they be the ones that maintain the harmony and preserve the order. The existence and glory of God reveals itself in countless proofs in the universe. In fact, there is not even a single man on the earth who will not accept this evident reality from the heart. Yet they still deny it “in iniquity and arrogance, though their souls are convinced thereof” (The Quran, 27:14). Assume that you set up a big city by bringing millions of sets of Lego together. Let there be in this city skyscrapers, twisting roads, railway stations, airports, shopping malls, subways and also rivers, lakes, forests and a beach. Let there also be living in it thousands of people wandering in its streets, sitting in their homes and working in their offices. Take every detail into account, even the traffic lights, box offices, and the signboards at the bus stations. If someone came up to you and said that all the pieces of Lego of this city, which you had founded by planning it right down to the smallest detail, and each piece of which you had picked up and placed with great care and precision, had been brought together by sheer accident to produce this city, what would you think of the mental state of that person? Now, go back to the city you have built and consider that the whole city would be levelled to the ground if you had forgotten to put into place even a single Lego, or changed its place. Can you imagine what great balance and order you have had to establish?
The Miracle of the Eye – one of millions of examples. What comes to your mind first when you hear the word “eye”? Are you aware that one of the most crucial things in life for you is your ability to see? Even if you are, have you ever thought what other signs your eye bears?The eye is one of the most manifest pieces of evidence that living creatures are created. All sight organs, including animal eyes and the human eye, are extremely striking examples of perfect design.
Life in the world where we live is also made possible by the accumulation of such a great number of details incomprehensible to the human mind. The absence of even one of these details might mean the end of life on the earth. Everything, every detail from the atom, the smallest unit of matter to the galaxies harbouring billions of stars, from the moon (an inseparable adjunct of the world), to the solar system – all work in perfect harmony. This well organised system runs flawlessly, just like a watch. People are so confident that this apparently timeless system will go on functioning without leaving out even the smallest detail, that they can freely make plans about something they think will be realised in the next 10 years. No one is worried about whether the sun will rise the next day. A great majority of people do not think about whether the world may ever break free from the gravitation of the sun and start to move towards the unknown in the pitch black space; or ask “What keeps this from happening?” (The Quran, 67:3-4) He Who has created seven heavens in full harmony with one another: no incongruity will you see in the creation of the Most Gracious. And turn your vision (upon it) once more: can you see any flaw? Yea, turn your vision (upon it) again and yet again: (and every time) your vision will fall back upon you, dazzled and truly defeated.
This exceptional organ is so overwhelmingly complex that it surpasses even the most sophisticated man-made devices in the world. In order for an eye to see, all of its parts have to co-exist and work in harmony. For instance, if an eye happened to have lost its eyelid but still had all the other parts such as the cornea, conjunctiva, iris, pupil, eye lenses, retina, choroid, eye muscles and tear glands, it would still be greatly damaged and soon lose its seeing function. In the same manner, even if all its organelles were present, if the tear production were stopped the eye would soon dry out and become blind.”The chain of coincidences” posited by evolutionists loses all its meaning against the complex structure of the eye. It is not possible to explain the existence of the eye other than as a matter of special creation. The eye has a multi-sectioned complex system and, as discussed above all of these individual sections had to come into existence at the same time. It is impossible for a half developed eye to function at “half capacity”. In such a circumstance the act of seeing can by no means take place. An evolutionist scientist admits to this truth: The common trait of the eyes and the wings is that they can only function if they are fully developed. In other words, a halfway developed eye cannot see; a bird with half formed wings cannot fly. In this case, we again face that very important question: who created all of the components of the eye all at once? The owner of the eyes is obviously not the one who makes the decision about their formation. For it is impossible for a being devoid of the knowledge of what seeing is like, to desire to have a seeing organ and have it attached to his body.
Let us explain this with an example. What would you think if you saw a new-born baby standing up a few hours after his birth, getting together the things he needs to make his bed (like quilt, pillow, mattress), and later putting all these together neatly, making his bed and lying down on it? After you recover from the shock of the event, you would probably think that the baby must have been taught in an extraordinary way in his mother’s womb to perform such a process. The case of the caterpillars is no different from the baby in this example. This again leads us to the same conclusions: these living creatures come into life, behave and live in the way determined by God Who has created them. The Quranic verse stating that God has inspired the honeybee and commanded it to make honey (The Quran, 16:68-69) provides an example of the great secret of the world of living beings. This secret is that all living beings have bowed to God’s will and follow the fate determined by Him. This is why the honeybee makes honey and the silkworm produces silk. Darwinism Has Been Scientifically Refuted. The theory of evolution claims that the 1.5 million or so living species in nature came into being as the result of unconscious natural events. According to evolutionists, the first cell came into being through chemical reactions in inanimate matter. A great deal of scientific evidence shows that this could not actually happen. Researchers have failed to obtain even the smallest building blocks of life in experiments conducted with the gases determined to have existed in the primeval Earth’s atmosphere and by combining the conditions that existed at that time. To claim that blind chance achieved something as miraculous as the formation of a living organism, something that humans with modern day technology and an advanced level of science have failed to achieve despite all their attempts and interventions, is of course irrational and illogical.
Again according to the evolutionist account, life began with this primary cell then became increasingly more complex and diverse. The fictitious process of evolution that began with bacteria is then, finally supposed to have led to humans. According to this totally unscientific claim, various unconscious mechanisms in nature must have constantly caused living things to develop. At this point, Darwinism has two mechanisms it proposes as giving rise to evolution, natural selection and mutations. Yet scientific findings have revealed that neither mechanism is an effective force of the kind maintained by evolutionists. The idea of natural selection is that the fittest and those best adapted to natural conditions survive, while the others are eliminated and fail to reproduce. For example, in any population an increasing fall in temperature will spell the elimination of those individuals less resistant to the cold. In the long term, only cold-resistant individuals survive and the entire population comes to consist of their descendants. Alternatively, in a rabbit population endangered by predators, those who can run fastest survive, but note that no new characteristic emerges here. Creatures already existing do not give birth to offspring of a different species, and no different feature is passed along. To provide another example, the fastest running individuals in a herd of antelopes exposed to attacks by lions will survive, while the slower ones are captured, but these fast running antelopes will never turn into horses or any other species of animal. Therefore natural selection has no evolutionary force. Mutations on the other hand are the impairments that emerge in the genes of living things as a result of external factors such as radiation or copying errors in DNA. Mutations may of course lead to distinctive changes, these changes are never positive but always either neutral or destructive. To put it another way, mutations cannot cause living things to develop. Of all the mutations that have so far been observed, most have been harmful and the rest neutral. As it has advanced, science has described millions of harmful mutations and revealed the inherited diseases these lead to. That evolutionist scientists are unable to point to a single mutation that has increased genetic information represents a serious dilemma for the theory of evolution. Pierre-Paul Grassé, former director of the French Academy of Sciences (Academie des Sciences), has likened mutations to “spelling mistakes during the copying of a written text.” Like any spelling mistake, mutations cannot give rise to information, but rather damage that which already exists. Grassé goes on to describe this situation: Mutations, in time, occur incoherently. They are not complementary to one another, nor are they cumulative in successive generations toward a given direction. They modify what pre-exists, but they do so in disorder, no matter how… As soon as some disorder, even slight, appears in an organized being, sickness then death follow. There is no possible compromise between the phenomenon of life and anarchy.
For that reason, as Grassé puts it, mutations can never give rise to any evolution, no matter how numerous they may be. We may compare this effect of mutations to earthquakes. In the same way that an earthquake cannot make a city more developed or improve it, so mutations cannot lead to positive changes. From this point of view, evolutionist claims regarding mutations are completely invalid. We have provided some examples here as introductory information to encourage further research for those with questions in their mind. In addition and for a more thorough understanding about Allah (swt) / God please click the links below: